The internet is the greatest telecommunications achievement of the human race and has its roots in the nineteen sixties. Early networks were made up of terminals that logged into mainframes and transferred packets of data. This is very similar to the PC and server relationship now used on the internet. Later in that same decade, the US military developed the NCP system, which was used until the early nineteen eighties when it was replaced with the now commonplace TCP/IP protocols. The US military, more specifically ARPA, created the first large scale and recognizable internet by connecting a large network of computers that could keep operating even if a part of the network was taken out or disabled. Out of this Usenet, Bitnet, and Fidonet were born; they were the first bulletin board and messaging systems on networks.
Internet Timelines and History Information:
Scientists at the research facility and organization known as CERN gave the world the internet in nineteen ninety-one. Two scientists were looking for a way to share data and files simply and easily for research purposes. They developed what is known as HTML; the mark up needed to be simple so terminals and advanced computers alike could access and use the HTML. Shortly thereafter, the World Wide Web was in full swing, and the web browser, Mosaic, was established. As soon as Mosaic was adopted and used by Windows and Mac users a boom was created in the online world. In fact, the growth of the World Wide Web was at an amazing 341,634% annually. In fact the www was the most popular service on the web, but not the only service.
Soon after the World Wide Web and browser inceptions, multiple ISPs were created and founded to provide the internet to the masses. Companies like AOL, and Compuserve were at the forefront of this explosion. The internet browser wars between Netscape and Microsoft soon followed with new versions and new browsers released each month.
Simultaneously, corporations were establishing their own web pages as they noticed the public taking to the internet like fish to water. Not only did they establish pages to inform the public, but the World Wide Web allowed them to communicate across vast distances and access databases anywhere within the company. Companies soon realized that using the internet to sell their products and services was more economical, as the internet provided extremely low overhead for conducting business; ecommerce was born out of this almost as soon as the internet was established. Ecommerce spurred more advanced protection and security as personal information was being transmitted at alarming rates. SSL secure web pages became the norm for all ecommerce and are still considered to be one of the safest protocols on the internet. Shopping was not the only service to be offered; banking, investments and real estate were also among the businesses using ecommerce.